Mitchell Norman

Mitchell Norman

PhD Student

Mitchell Norman is a PhD student studying Augmented Reality (AR) Collaborations. Mitchell graduated from the University of South Australia with a Bachelor of Software Engineering (Honours) and completed his Honours project ‘VR for Big Data analytics’ with fellow PhD student Theophilus Teo for the CSIRO, both Theo and Mitchell received a scholarship for this project from the CSIRO. Mitchell has a keen interest in Virtual Reality (VR) and AR applications and how they may assist industry to better solve problems.

Projects

  • Augmented Mirrors

    Mirrors are physical displays that show our real world in reflection. While physical mirrors simply show what is in the real world scene, with help of digital technology, we can also alter the reality reflected in the mirror. The Augmented Mirrors project aims at exploring visualisation interaction techniques for exploiting mirrors as Augmented Reality (AR) displays. The project especially focuses on using user interface agents for guiding user interaction with Augmented Mirrors.

Publications

  • Improving Collaboration in Augmented Video Conference using Mutually Shared Gaze
    Gun Lee, Seungwon Kim, Youngho Lee, Arindam Dey, Thammathip Piumsomboon, Mitchell Norman and Mark Billinghurst

    Gun Lee, Seungwon Kim, Youngho Lee, Arindam Dey, Thammathip Piumsomboon, Mitchell Norman and Mark Billinghurst. 2017. Improving Collaboration in Augmented Video Conference using Mutually Shared Gaze. In Proceedings of ICAT-EGVE 2017 - International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence and Eurographics Symposium on Virtual Environments, pp. 197-204. http://dx.doi.org/10.2312/egve.20171359

    @inproceedings {egve.20171359,
    booktitle = {ICAT-EGVE 2017 - International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence and Eurographics Symposium on Virtual Environments},
    editor = {Robert W. Lindeman and Gerd Bruder and Daisuke Iwai},
    title = {{Improving Collaboration in Augmented Video Conference using Mutually Shared Gaze}},
    author = {Lee, Gun A. and Kim, Seungwon and Lee, Youngho and Dey, Arindam and Piumsomboon, Thammathip and Norman, Mitchell and Billinghurst, Mark},
    year = {2017},
    publisher = {The Eurographics Association},
    ISSN = {1727-530X},
    ISBN = {978-3-03868-038-3},
    DOI = {10.2312/egve.20171359}
    }
    To improve remote collaboration in video conferencing systems, researchers have been investigating augmenting visual cues onto a shared live video stream. In such systems, a person wearing a head-mounted display (HMD) and camera can share her view of the surrounding real-world with a remote collaborator to receive assistance on a real-world task. While this concept of augmented video conferencing (AVC) has been actively investigated, there has been little research on how sharing gaze cues might affect the collaboration in video conferencing. This paper investigates how sharing gaze in both directions between a local worker and remote helper in an AVC system affects the collaboration and communication. Using a prototype AVC system that shares the eye gaze of both users, we conducted a user study that compares four conditions with different combinations of eye gaze sharing between the two users. The results showed that sharing each other’s gaze significantly improved collaboration and communication.
  • Sharing Emotion by Displaying a Partner Near the Gaze Point in a Telepresence System
    Kim, S., Billinghurst, M., Lee, G., Norman, M., Huang, W., & He, J.

    Kim, S., Billinghurst, M., Lee, G., Norman, M., Huang, W., & He, J. (2019, July). Sharing Emotion by Displaying a Partner Near the Gaze Point in a Telepresence System. In 2019 23rd International Conference in Information Visualization–Part II (pp. 86-91). IEEE.

    @inproceedings{kim2019sharing,
    title={Sharing Emotion by Displaying a Partner Near the Gaze Point in a Telepresence System},
    author={Kim, Seungwon and Billinghurst, Mark and Lee, Gun and Norman, Mitchell and Huang, Weidong and He, Jian},
    booktitle={2019 23rd International Conference in Information Visualization--Part II},
    pages={86--91},
    year={2019},
    organization={IEEE}
    }
    In this paper, we explore the effect of showing a remote partner close to user gaze point in a teleconferencing system. We implemented a gaze following function in a teleconferencing system and investigate if this improves the user's feeling of emotional interdependence. We developed a prototype system that shows a remote partner close to the user's current gaze point and conducted a user study comparing it to a condition displaying the partner fixed in the corner of a screen. Our results showed that showing a partner close to their gaze point helped users feel a higher level of emotional interdependence. In addition, we compared the effect of our method between small and big displays, but there was no significant difference in the users' feeling of emotional interdependence even though the big display was preferred.
  • Mutually Shared Gaze in Augmented Video Conference
    Lee, G., Kim, S., Lee, Y., Dey, A., Piumsomboon, T., Norman, M., & Billinghurst, M.

    Lee, G., Kim, S., Lee, Y., Dey, A., Piumsomboon, T., Norman, M., & Billinghurst, M. (2017, October). Mutually Shared Gaze in Augmented Video Conference. In Adjunct Proceedings of the 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality, ISMAR-Adjunct 2017 (pp. 79-80). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc..

    @inproceedings{lee2017mutually,
    title={Mutually Shared Gaze in Augmented Video Conference},
    author={Lee, Gun and Kim, Seungwon and Lee, Youngho and Dey, Arindam and Piumsomboon, Thammatip and Norman, Mitchell and Billinghurst, Mark},
    booktitle={Adjunct Proceedings of the 2017 IEEE International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality, ISMAR-Adjunct 2017},
    pages={79--80},
    year={2017},
    organization={Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.}
    }
    Augmenting video conference with additional visual cues has been studied to improve remote collaboration. A common setup is a person wearing a head-mounted display (HMD) and camera sharing her view of the workspace with a remote collaborator and getting assistance on a real-world task. While this configuration has been extensively studied, there has been little research on how sharing gaze cues might affect the collaboration. This research investigates how sharing gaze in both directions between a local worker and remote helper affects the collaboration and communication. We developed a prototype system that shares the eye gaze of both users, and conducted a user study. Preliminary results showed that sharing gaze significantly improves the awareness of each other's focus, hence improving collaboration.